The Colombian Republic in the north-occidental South America is a unified decentralized republic. Its capital is Bogota. Its area is 2, 070,408 km2, from which 709 449,32 mi belong to its continental territory and the rest to the sea extension, which is different from the Venezuela ocean line boundaries. Between 1980 and 2012 there was a struggle with Nicaragua for the San Andres archipelago sovereignty, Providencia and Catalina, seven close keys and its surrounding water, as a result, La Haya International Court of Justice intervened and conceded it to Colombia. Colombia became the forth largest South American country followed by Brazil, Argentina and Peru. It has boundaries with Venezuela and Brazil, on the South with Peru and Ecuador and on the North East with Panama; Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic and Venezuela in the Caribbean Ocean, and Panama, Costa Rica and Equator in the Pacific Ocean.
Colombia is the only South America country that has its boundaries in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Ocean with several islands such as San Andres and Providencia. Its population is around 46 million, which makes it the third most populated country in Latin America followed by Brazil and Mexico.
Colombia is world wide recognized for its mild coffee production, flowers, emeralds, charcoal and petroleum exploitation, its cultural diversity and for being the second country rich in bio-diversity.